While I recognize that the plural of “story” is not “data”, this settler’s account I randomly came by confirms a couple suspicions I’ve held about the Han Chinese colonization of Africa, a popular topic in alt-Right circles. By way of Oscar posting at Dalrock’s.
Why 1 million Chinese migrants are building a new empire in Africa
By Howard French, 10 June 2014
So, a bit dated but still relevant. And the title should start “How”, methinks.
After days of coordinating with me over patchy cell phone connections, Hao Shengli arrived in Mozambique’s capital city of Maputo. He’d come to load up on supplies and to collect me for the long ride back to the farmland he owned in a remote southern part of the country.
When his white Toyota pickup stopped in front of my hotel, Hao was barking into his phone. He was in a hurry, and he was angry. There was a brisk handshake, followed by a lot more shouting in salty Chinese as he struggled to make himself understood by a country man from whom, I could grasp, he wanted to buy goods.
He didn’t put the phone down before closing a sale? Hao might be a real-deal entrepreneur.
“China is a big fucking mess with all of its ‘fucking dialects,’” Hao said to me in English after hanging up.
“You, cabeça não bom, motherfucker,” he said. The final curse came in Chinese: he’d employed three languages in one short and brutal sentence.
Fuckin’ A, G! You fuck those fucking dialects! That’s the other reason so many people in the world speak English. Fuck is the only verb and shit, the only noun. I went though junior high in Los Angeles with everybody talking like that.
To avoid remembering my junior high days, I shall now censor all profanity for the remainder of this post.
Having overheard me speaking Spanish to the driver and assumed it to be Portuguese, he pleaded with me to help him translate. “Could you please explain to this [person] where we need to go? We’ve got to get out of here. We need to be on the road.”
For more than a decade, the Chinese government has invested hugely in Africa. The foundation for this partnership was laid in 1996, when President Jiang Zemin proposed the creation of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) in a speech at the Organization of African Unity headquarters in Addis Ababa. Four years later, FOCAC convened triumphantly for the first time, gathering leaders from forty-four African countries in Beijing. China pledged, among other things, to double assistant to the continent, create a $5 billion African development fund, cancel outstanding debt, build new facilities to house the OAU (later replaced by the AfricanUnion), create “trade and economic zones” around the continent, build 30 hospitals and 100 rural schools, and train 15,000 African professionals. Fitch Ratings estimated that China’s Export-Import Bank extended $67.2 billion in loans to sub-Saharan African countries between 2001 and 2010—$12.5 billion more than the World Bank.
Out of the goodness of their hearts, of course. *snicker* No, it’s the old game of intentionally making loans the recipients won’t be able to repay so you can lawfully seize the collateral for cents on the dollar. A full-scale invasion would be more honest.
Even so, my money is on Africa winning.
Although there are no official figures, evidence suggests that at least a million private Chinese citizens have arrived on African soil since 2001, many entirely of their own initiative, not by way of any state plan. This “human factor” has done as much as any government action to shape China’s image in Africa and condition its tics to the continent. By the timeI met Hao, in early 2011, merchants in Malawi, Namibia, Senegal, and Tanzania were protesting the influx of Chinese traders. In the gold-producing regions of southern Ghana, government officials were expelling Chinese wildcat miners. And in Zambia, where recent Chinese arrivals had established themselves in almost every lucrative sector of the economy, their presence had become a contentious issue in national elections.
Considering the Chicomms’ desperation for stability… which is not entirely ethnic, them being the only 20th Century Commie nation that hasn’t yet self-destructed in debt and stupidity… the independent-minded Chinaman probably doesn’t need much in the way of (additional) State pressure to seek his fortunes elsewhere.
As we left the capital, we passed the new national stadium, nearing completion by Chinese work crews at the edge of town. Built to support the country’s bid to host the 2013 continent-wide Africa Cup of Nations, it was a showcase gift from the Chinese government, intended as a statement of generosity and solidarity. China has become an avid practitioner of this kind of prestige-project diplomacy.
Sounds like money laundering.
I asked Hao whether a $65 million stadium was the best sort of gift for Mozambique, one of the ten poorest countries in the world.
“Chinese government projects in Mozambique have all failed,” he said. “That’s because the Chinese ganbu [bureaucrats] don’t know how to communicate on the same level with the blacks.” He shook his head and wagged a stubby index finger excitedly.
Yeah, money laundering. Lots of Chinese are eager to stick their personal wealth where the Party doesn’t shine. That says most of what I need to know about the stability of the Chinese economy: that if their allies the American Elites hadn’t betrayed their own country for free, the PRC would have imploded shortly after the Soviet Union.
I asked him about his early days in the country. A prior attempt to do business overseas, in Dubai, had gone bad.
Expensive market. Very cutthroat.
Chinese agricultural experts there who had been on African aid missions planted a very powerful idea in his mind: Go to Africa, where you can acquire good land cheaply. He had flown to Maputo alone, and no one had greeted him at the airport. “I didn’t understand a fucking word that was being said to me.” On his own, he made his way into town and found a flophouse. Making little headway—he spoke neither Portuguese nor English—he soon gave in to the temptation to call up some fellow Chinese he had found online while still in China.
“I thought if I met a few people I could distract myself a bit, learn about the situation from them, and then figure out how to get some land. But I quickly discovered that not all Chinese people are your friends. The Chinese folks here, or at least a portion of them, a big portion of them, are really bad characters. They are looking for a way to get hold of your money. Yeah, they’ll do anything for you, but they won’t do anything for free. It’s all about money.”
See, this is why you can’t derive a nation exclusively from race-based citizenship. Racial homogenity is always a stabilizing force but greed and treachery are eternal. Social trust is what’s needed and homogenity is only one of several sources… rarely sufficient.
A brief digression, I’m coming around to the idea that fascism (national socialism) is a natural, Godless response to (International) Communism. It’s a way for people to hold onto their identities without abandoning the Commie principles of greed, envy and zero-sum beliefs. This explains why globalists are so obsessed with ARE-Y’AN NOT-SEES!!!!. Having unleashed the people from the chains of religion and morality, they’re afraid that they still won’t abandon the bonds of family and tradition. People have as much trouble being Pure Evil as they do being Pure Good. Beyond a point, it takes serious effort.
Hao had naively loaned money to various Chinese people he met who seemed to have fallen on hard times and offered to help guide him. A few months later, having been burned by several such encounters, he left for the countryside, following the very route we were taking northward.
When he reached the southern part of Inhambane province, he said, he contacted the provincial government about acquiring land, and they directed him to local officials. He found some who were receptive, and he set about ingratiating himself by helping on road and bridge-repair projects.
“I took charge of the work all by myself,” he said proudly. “In the end, I was able to secure a piece of land.”
Hao had scored big, but before long there were other things to worry about. He hadn’t thought much about the people who lived on the land or controlled it before he came along, or even who his neighbors were. After a period of warm enough hospitality, people from nearby villages began to ask him how he had gotten the land and to demand compensation, with some of them, claiming the area was an ancestral holding.
“The local people are really not friendly. They arc peasants, and they resent the idea that the government took their land and gave it to us. They have no land for themselves. They’re not comfortable. They are working for us, and they are not comfortable with it. In fact, the Mozambique government has given us land, but it’s not forever.
One of government’s most important duties is guaranteeing land ownership. Counter-claims like this are incredibly destructive to the formation of infrastructure of any kind. I bet Hao will live in a shack until he can clear title to his land, even if it be by direct violence. Why build a fortress if he might lose ownership of it tomorrow?
After a few years, once we’ve put the land to good use, perhaps they will take another tack and try to reclaim it from us. But we’ve got our own ideas. We’re also making plans.”
The first-person plural had been creeping into his banter, but only now did its significance become clear.
“I have been bringing my children here,” he said. “My older son, my younger son, eventually my daughter. I’m taking them out of school in China and bringing them all here.
He’s not just bringing his children over. He’s specifically taking them out of school in China. Sounds very familiar to this American.
Within the next ten or so years we need to raise enough money, and then if my son has a lot of offspring with local girls—my two sons, in fact, if they’ve had lots of children—well, what do the children become! Are they Chinese or Mozambicans?”
Dude, no. Race mixing is asking for trouble. Your grandkids shouldn’t be tools to secure your personal future. Although I understand that’s a very Asian way of looking at matters.
Doesn’t history have enough examples of this kind of thing yet?
Hao told me his older son already had a live-in African girlfriend. Then he proceeded to answer his own question. “The mothers are Mozambicans, but the land will be within our family. Do you get it! This means that because the children will be Mozambicans they can’t treat us as foreigners. If need be we can even put the property in their name, protectively, but it will remain ours. It will be in my clan.”
Your grandkids are more likely to be treated by both the locals and the Chinese as foreigners. Brazil’s experiences seems relevant here. Mulatto, yes?
Hao said that his older son had been with him on his newly acquired land for about half a year now. His younger son, who was 14, had joined them a few weeks earlier. “The older boy is doing fine already,” he said, with evident pride. “He’s doing a lot of training.”
“I’m guiding him,” he said. “It’s not hard physical labor. I have to encourage him, have him fool around a bit, catch some fish, shoot a gun, hunt some birds. Boom, boom! That way he’ll be happy. He already shoots well.”
Race-bending aside, he’s being raised right. A necessity in Africa, of course.
I told him that his son’s experience seemed to mirror the way youth were treated in the Cultural Revolution, when schools were closed and young people were “sent down” by the millions to work alongside peasants in the countryside.
Learning to hunt & fish is NOTHING like surviving a Communist uprising. I recall the colleges were closed because the non-Commie intellectuals were murdered wholesale by their students… a lesson completely lost on modern academia. If I was a modern dean of the Math Department, there’d be bars on the windows yesterday… and no ground-level entrance that wasn’t a sally port.
Seriously, any academic types reading this should think about making a “Student Uprising” SHTF plan.
“That’s how I was raised. Young people in China today no longer learn bow to chi ku,”he said. The expression means to “eat bitterness,” to endure great hardship. “I want my son to become a real man, a worthy person.”
“When I was your age, kid, 100 million of us were murdered and starved by the government because we weren’t victims. I survived by eating bugs and literally playing dumb.”
“Okay, Grandpa, okay.” Kid goes out to fish some dinner.
After a couple hours’ on the road, we dropped John off at the main square of Maxixe, a snoozy little drive-through town that nonetheless enjoys the status of economic capital of Inhambane. John, who was from Maxixe, spoke happily about being able to sleep at home with his family after several days away. His main employers, a group of road builders from Hao’s home province of Henan, shared a house just off the narrow main road. When Hao invited me into their home, he introduced them as lao xiang, people from his hometown or region, a connection that resonates deeply for many overseas Chinese. Hao’s friends lived in a modern, one-story villa with a large living room and a kitchen in the back, from which emanated the very distinctive aromas of a home-cooked Chinese dinner. In the living room, which had the feel of a frat house, two men and a woman were hunched in nearly identical poses over laptops, each at a separate cheap desk, connecting with friends in China.
Better housing than I predicted, although not by much.
I secretly hoped that we would be asked to stay for dinner. The traditionally generous hospitality I was accustomed to from traveling in China seemed to make this a safe bet, but no invitation came, Hao talked business with one of the Henan road men in an adjacent bedroom and then we were on our way, with Hao at the wheel. His banter picked up again as he spoke of the utility of having friends, especially laoxiang like this, living nearby.
Very low social trust on all sides.
“I’ve only gotten sick once since I’ve been here, but it was malaria, and it was a very bad case,” he told me. “I’m lucky that they came looking for me. I was laid out flat on my back at my farm, all alone, sweating and shivering there in my own vomit, They took me right away to the hospital, and I’m told that this saved my life.”
Africa! Come for the diversity, stay for the medical quarantine.
San Francisco! Come for the diversity….
The full moon had risen high in the sky, and we had begun slicing through little townships every few minutes as the population density of the area increased. There were glimpses of prayer vigils in clapboard churches; smoky, ramshackle saloons filled with garrulous drinkers; women sitting by the roadside wrapped in printed shawls, hunched, half asleep over storm lanterns as they awaited night time buyers. All this activity signaled a city was nearby. Hao announced with relief that we were about to enter Massinga, the city nearest to his farm. I asked him how he had come to settle in Mozambique.
“I went to an African trade fair in Fujian province and there were lots of Chinese business people there,” he said. “I got excited by all the talk of business opportunities in Africa. Later I figured my English is no good, though, so I got the idea that if I went to an English-speaking country, English being a popular language, Chinese people would be everywhere.”
“I’ll be damned if I understood Portuguese, but damn it, I figured, neither do most Chinese people in general, so [why not]? There must be great undiscovered opportunities there, and I won’t have to be constantly looking over my shoulder for other Chinese coming to compete with me, cheat me out of my money, or steal my ideas.”
I always suspected the Han weren’t lockstep racially loyal. It’s one thing for an authoritarian government to decree a genocide, another for the people to voluntarily engage in such behavior.
As we pulled into Massinga, Hao announced, almost sheepishly, a major change of plans, He had decided to have me sleep at a cheap hotel rather than host me himself. He had been unable to reach his son, he said, to make sure there was dinner waiting for us, and this way I’d be sure to have an evening meal.
Maybe I wasn’t wrong about Hao living in a shack after all.
In the courtyard of the roadside hotel, we sat at a plastic table with an exposed bulb above us and ordered a late dinner. While we waited for the food, Hao asked me for the third time that day about my itinerary. I told him I’d just been in Ethiopia and that the next country on my itinerary was Namibia.
“What is Namibia?” he asked.
I drew him a crude map in my spiral note; book. “Ethiopia is up here,” I said, pointing to the continent’s northeastern shoulder. “Mozambique is here. And Namibia is over here. It’s on the Atlantic coast.” Hao wanted to know how far away that placed Namibia from where we were. Several hundred miles, I said.
I started to fill in the map to show him some of the other countries I planned to visit.
When I sketched Senegal’s position, at the continent’s westernmost point, I added Europe, tracing its downward slope toward Africa.
“Here is Portugal,” I said, which produced a look of confusion. He asked me what Portugal was exactly. It was the colonial power that once controlled Mozambique, I told him. As he nodded, still looking uncertain, I added that it was the place where the Portuguese language came from.
And they say we Americans are ignorant of the outside world.
He knew that Mozambique had been a European colony, a zhimindi, but he had not known it had been Portugal’s colony. “I thought Portuguese came from Brazil,” he explained.
I drew South America on the map for him and told him that Brazil, too, had been a Portuguese colony. Hao began making some connections, thinking of Macau, the tiny formerly Portuguese enclave near Hong Kong.
“[That’s amazing!],” he exclaimed. “You [have to] wonder how … little countries like Portugal controlled so many big, faraway countries.
The Maxim gun. Next question, why did we bother.
It’s just like the way the Europeans carved up China, I suppose.” After a pause, he asked: “Where is America?”
Dude… East. Of China. And you’re killing me.
I sketched North America onto my crude and now crowded map. Hao had always assumed that it was part of Europe.
Hao’s geographic curiosity waned and the conversation shifted back to his African ambitions, which apparently went far beyond his farm. “I’ve got lots of other plans, lots of projects,” he said. “I want to open a beverage factory. I want to produce tea for sale and for export that will be grown on our own land.” There was talk about building a charcoal-processing factory, for which he had already broken ground, 120 miles to the north. It would produce honeycombed braziers for cooking. At first, he said, these would be sold only in Mozambique. but later the export potential back to China, and perhaps around the world, would be very great.
Meh, education is overrated anyway. Hao has vision and the [stubborn tenacity] to make his dreams happen. But it doesn’t sound like much of a colonization effort, particularly with the intentional miscegenation. What’s China going to do, come back in a century and grant involuntary citizenship to all the Halfrican half-Hans?
As we drove northward out of Massinga the next morning, Hao became reticent, and he offered only clipped, almost grudging answers to my questions. After we were waved through a roadblock at the edge of town, he pulled over suddenly. He said he didn’t enjoy driving, and asked if I would take over. With me at the wheel, we proceeded in a vaguely eastward direction down a graded trunk road, which soon led us past a tiny settlement where a cluster of people by the roadside gave us a halfhearted wave. Beyond this dusty outpost lay dense, tangled bush punctuated now and then by a neatly swept clearing with a solitary aluminum shack.
The road had narrowed considerably and the smoothness of its first leg had given way to an obstacle course of divots and tree stumps and the occasional peasant balancing huge loads of scavenged wood atop his head. Hao instructed me to stop up ahead, where I could see the road cresting beneath a stand of oil palms in the distance. When I reached that point, we came upon a group of men sitting and standing in conversation at the edge of a cleared field. Hao stuck his head out the window and began calling out in his unique and polyglot pidgin: “Ganma, ganma, zheli, trabalho, ganma? Wei shenme? What are you doing? What are you doing? Here, work. What are you doing? Why?”
The local men gestured off into the distance and answered that someone else was paying better now. This was a showdown over wages, a walkout. “Why should you pay us differently?” one of the Mozambican men asked.
Hao grew excited and started to curse. He was saying, mostly in Chinese, that he was not going to raise their pay. The two sides went back and forth like this for a few minutes. Hao was sweating profusely, wiping his brow with a hand towel. “Forget it. I don’t need you,” he said. “I’ll find other workers.” With that, the men picked up their belongings and trudged off in the direction we had just come from.
Hao laughed even as he continued to swear. “Africans like nothing better than to get together and complain,” he said. “My son told me we don’t need these people any longer, though. Why should we pay them more?”
Within a few minutes, Hao’s homestead appeared around a bend. There were two shacks thrown together roughly with poles, canvas, straw mats, and whatever other cheap materials were at hand. We climbed out of the vehicle into the heat and light.
HAH! I was right! Uncertain land ownership made him unwilling to improve his land. For some things, reliable local government is critical.
Hao was eager to show me the place. Beyond the huts lay his experimental garden, a handful of acres where he was already growing stevia, tea, and a variety of Chinese vegetables.
He plucked some of the stevia leaves and crumpled them in his hand, urging: me to taste them, which I did; they produced an instant and overpowering sweetness.
We circled back around the huts and wandered into a large, open plain. The dark, pliant soil was crisscrossed with irrigation canals. Hao pointed out the concrete blocks here and there, sunk in the muck of the channels. He explained that they were the remnants of a system of locks that had been built by the Portuguese.
“They built all of this and then they left it,” he said, evidently bewildered. “When we first arrived, even our tractors had trouble passing here. I had to employ a lot of blacks to dear the fields, and I had to clear them three times before the bush would finally yield.” He fixed me with a fierce expression and offered his best measure of himself. “Some of the Chinese who have come to work the land in this country under sun this strong have failed,” he said. “Others before them have failed, too. But for me, there is no such thing as failure. I am no ordinary man.”
I give him that.
So, Chinese colonization of Africa is doomed to fail because of the usual suspects: miscegenation, no social trust and unworkable local government. They would have to perform wholesale, preemptive population replacement just to give it as good a go as the South Africans did. I bet even the high-collateral loans being offered to China this week won’t be honored by next week’s new regime. “Yellow man, this our land because we’re sitting on it right now. You could send your military to sit on it, I guess, between monsoon season and malaria season, but you are weak like white man. Always antibiotics this and indoor plumbing that.”
Africa always wins.